© Anna-Sofia Juntunen

Humanitarian Stove

The aim of the thesis was to design a tent stove for family tents in disaster areas. Finnish Red Cross commissioned the study. While considering user needs the intention was to design a sustainable and safe stove which would meet all the specific requirements as well. My priority was the criteria by FRC and usability, not so much the looks of the product. It is important that the product is universally easy to assemble and use.


My research showed that a cylinder-shaped stove gives more heat, keeps its shape better than a square shaped stove and is more resistant to impacts. I designed the top of the stove to be flat for cooking purposes. Because the stove had a maximum cost limit I designed it to be affordable and simple to manufacture. A cylinder shape is easy to manufacture with a rolling mill and it has fewer welding joints. The legs, the door handle, stove pipes, and the spark arrestor are all detachable, and can be stored inside the stove during transportation.


Should the stove be developed further from the point of view of the user, it might be useful to consider working with recycled materials and to make it as easy as possible to make from scratch. This would enable users in catastrophic areas to make the stoves themselves from materials at hand. 

Thesis: The design of a stove for the Finnish Red Crosses winter tents in disaster areas.

Published in June 2015, link http://www.theseus.fi/handle/10024/96962